Toothache: First Aid

Understand what measures to take if you have toothache.

For most adults and children, tooth decay is the main cause of toothaches. In the food you eat, bacteria that reside in your mouth grow on the starches and sugars. These bacteria form a sticky plaque that adheres to your teeth’s surface.

Certain causes of toothache may include:

  • A sinus infection that can be looked as teeth discomfort
  • Accumulation of food and dirt between your teeth, particularly if your teeth have gap between them
  • Teeth that begin to occur (erupt) through the gums, such as wisdom teeth or teething that do not have enough space to arise or grow usually (affected wisdom teeth)
  • Infection or pain in the root of the gums or in the tooth
  • A break in the tooth that happens over time
  • Pain to the tooth, including damage or grinding of your teeth
  • Rapid tooth fracture or tooth root fracture

A toothache often requires some sort of treatment by your dentist.

Some Home Remedies to follow

Try these home remedies for toothache until you can visit our dentist:
  • Try dental floss to take away any food particles or plaque wedged between your teeth.
  • When the toothache is triggered by the tooth trauma, put a cold compress to the outside of your cheek.
  • Simply clean the mouth with hot water.
  • Try taking an over – the-counter (OTC) pain killer to dull the pain, but don’t put aspirin or other painkiller directly against your gums because it can burn your gum tissue.
Be careful with products containing benzocaine

Initial suggestion included sparing usage of an OTC antiseptic containing benzocaine straight to the irritated tooth and gum for short term relief. However benzocaine has been connected to a rare and severe, sometimes deadly, disorder called methemoglobinemia, which reduces the quantity of oxygen the blood can carry.

Follow these rules as described:

  • Don’t ever have more than the prescribed benzocaine dose.
  • Never use any products containing benzocaine — such as teething gels with benzocaine (Anbesol, Orabase, Orajel, others) — in kids under 2 years of age.
  • Store product that has benzocaine keep out of kid’s reach.
  • Speak to your dentist before using an OTC antiseptic containing benzocaine.

Call your dentist

If you have any of the following toothache, visit your dentist soon:

  • Fever
  • Problem breathing or swallowing
  • Ache that lasts longer than a day or two
  • Symptoms of infection such as inflammation, bite pain, red gums or a foul-tasting discharge


Reference from : Mayo Clinic

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